Egyptian Nubia (1550 – 1069 BC)
Egypt in Nubia, the Nubians in Egypt
In the second half of the 2nd millennium BC Lower Nubia again came under Egyptian rule. The province was ruled by an official seated in Aniba, with the title “Royal son of the Kingdom of Kush”. Annual tribute of “Nubian gold” and other precious items was often depicted on paintings decorating graves of the dignitaries in Thebes. Large military expeditions carried out by pharaohs of Dynasties XVIII and XIX reached even the area of the Third Cataract of the Nile, where the town of Soleb was founded. Ramzes II (1279-1213 BC) built seven large temples in Nubia, including the two best known – in Abu Simbel. At the same time, Nubian soldiers were still being incorporated into Egyptian army. The horizon of the so-called Pan-Grave culture from Upper Egypt indicates that a large population of arrivals from the south settled there.